The Governmental Learning Spiral
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This paper is based on Blindenbacher, Raoul, and B. Nashat (Collaborator): 2010.
The Black Box of Governmental Learning. The Learning Spiral – A Concept to Organize Learning in Governments. Washington DC: World Bank, available for download at <siteresources.worldbank.org/EXTGOVTLRN/Resources/black_box_full.pdf>
Dr. Raoul Blindenbacher has a PHD from the University of Zürich and is currently a Senior Fellow at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in
Geneva and an Advisor to the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs. Bidjan Nashat is a Strategy Officer at the World Bank’s Independent Evaluation Group
in Washington DC. The authors would like to thank Heather Dittbrenner, Publishing Associate, (IEGCS) for editing and Hans-Martin Boehmer, Senior Manager, IEGCS, and
Ali Khadr, Senior Manager, Country, Corporate & Global Evaluations (IEGCC) for their overall guidance. These are the views of the authors and should not be attributed to the
World Bank or any affiliated organization.